How Does a Secured Loan Work? A Layman’s Guide - FOX21- Entertaining Delmarva One Click at a Time

How Does a Secured Loan Work? A Layman’s Guide

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Secured Loan

Exploring the options for personal loans can be a little overwhelming. There are so many products to choose from. Then you have to compare terms, interest rates, and other conditions of the loan.

People with good credit have favorable options. People with not so perfect options have less than favorable opportunities to borrow money.

One type of loan you will come across is called a secured loan. Are you’re wondering how does a secured loan work? It’s not as complicated as you think. There are different types and in this article, we will go over some.

Before you contact a lender you’ll want to check your credit reports so you are prepared to get the best deal. With a new year approaching it is a good time to request your credit reports from all the major reporting agencies.

In the meantime, let’s go over what is secure debt. Keep reading for a layman’s guide on how secured loans work.

What Is a Secured Loan?

In its simplest terms, a secured loan is a loan that has something attached to a loan in case of default. We will discuss what items can be used. The collateral is to ensure that in case of default, the lender has the leverage to recoup their money.

Secured debt loans are issued by traditional financial institutions, private money lenders, and businesses that appeal to people with no credit and bad credit. A lender can also be a family member or a pawn shop.

When it comes to securing a loan, there has to be an even exchange ratio. A lender will not secure a $1,000 loan with something valued at $100.

The most important thing you must understand is, you can lose something of value if you do not repay the loan. See our section on “What Happens if You Default?”

Do I Need Good Credit for a Secured Loan?

No, you do not need good credit to get a secured loan. However, there are types of loans you will not qualify for if you do not have a decent credit score. These are usually big-ticket items.

Many lenders, regardless of the financial industry they represent, will take a huge risk on someone who has not demonstrated the ability to repay the loan.

How Does a Secured Loan Work With Bad Credit?

When a borrower has bad credit, they pay higher interest rates with shorter repayment terms. A lender is more likely to default on the loan quicker than a traditional lender.

Ex. If you finance a car with a bank, they may not initiate the repossession process until you are three months behind on payments. A Buy Here Pay Here car loan lender will come looking for the vehicle ten days after a missed payment.

You may also have to set-up auto-draft payments according to your payroll cycle.

Types of Secured Loans

There are many different types of secured loans. Below we will give a brief overview of how they work.

Car Loan

A car loan is one of the most popular types of secured loans. This secure loan automatically attaches the car as collateral. You do not own the car until it has been paid off.

The car title, which assigns rights to ownership, remains in the financial lender’s name until the loan is satisfied. About 30 to 60 days following your final payment, you will receive the car’s title.

Collateral

People often use the term collateral interchangeably when discussing secured loans. However, collateral is anything of value that you assign to someone in exchange for a loan.

Collateral could be a family heirloom given to a pawnshop to get a quick money loan. Or it could be rights to a settlement signed over to a lender.

Credit Card

Credit cards can also come as a secured loan. With a secured credit card, you deposit money with the credit card company. The amount deposited becomes your line of credit.

Mortgage

Mortgages follow the same principles as a car loan. The difference being, you receive a deed when the home is paid off.

Also, with a mortgage, the lender can’t simply repossess the house, as they could with a car.

Real Estate Investments

How does a secured loan work when it comes to real estate investments? This is where private money lenders come into the picture. These are loans typically used to fund rehab projects and new development.

The lender places a lien on the property or land to secure the loan.

Short Term Loans

Short-term loans include things like registration loans and payday loans. They are considered predatory because of their astronomical interest rates. These loans are marketed to people in desperate financial situations who need cash fast.

What Happens Once the Loan is Paid Off?

Once a secured loan is paid off, the collateral is signed over or returned to the borrower. This could be in the form of physical property, titles, deeds, or the closure of a credit card account.

If a lender fails to honor the terms of an agreement, you can sue them.

What Happens if You Default?

Defaulting on a loan is never a good thing. With a secured loan the lender has the right to take ownership through the following means:

  • Cars are repossessed
  • Homes are foreclosed on
  • Collateral can be sold or auctioned off
  • You can be sued if the amount owed is more than the value of the secured property

Always be honest with your lender. If facing financial hardship contact them to see if they are willing to work with you. Most lenders want their money with interest. They are not in business to resale private property.

Purchasing What You Need

Secured loans are not a bad thing. In some instances, it’s standard practice to protect the leader. Doing research on how does a secured loan work, gives you confidence when speaking with lenders.

We hope you found this article useful. For more financial information keep reading checking our personal finance section for tips on everything financial.

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