Shipping large items need extra care and a specialized mode of transport. For this, you need bigger trucks, but depending on the size and weight of your package, you have other options.
As of June 2018, though, the most used mode of transportation is truck freight, taking up 63.7% of all freight. Rail freight goes second, taking up 14.8%.
You have more options, but how do you know which one you need? Keep on reading to learn which mode of transport is for you and how do you prepare your packages for shipping.
A typical large shipment goes beyond 108 inches in length, 165 inches in girth, and 150 lbs in weight. Packages with dimensions exceeding these measurements are freight by definition, while those below are parcels.
Large items require freight shipping since they won’t fit anymore in a parcel and are likely to be heavier than the standard parcel shipments. For this reason, it needs multiple transportation modes to get a package from point A to point B.
Below are some types of freight shipping:
Large shipments won’t fit in small shipping vans you need a truck. Less-than-truckload freight services offer consumers a space in one of their trucks. This way, they don’t need to rent the whole vehicle they can share with other sellers to lessen the cost.
A partial truckload is similar to LTL, except your packages take up more space in the truck. Full truckload (FT) utilizes a whole truck to carry your shipments. As you can expect, this option is much more expensive than LTL but a necessity if you’re shipping larger amounts of packages.
When shipping packages abroad, ocean freight shipping is an efficient method for it. It’s more often than not cheaper than air freight shipping. It’s the better choice when your package is extra heavy and large and you have a tight budget.
A container in an ocean freight can hold more and heavier items than in an air freight shipment. It also has fewer restrictions, and it’s better for the environment.
If you have time-sensitive shipments, sent it via an air freight carrier to get it to its destination fast. It takes a day or two to deliver the items, while ocean freight services can take a week, a month, or so.
Rail freight shipping almost always involves a rail and a truck. More often than not, the destination of the package is nowhere near a railway station.
The help of the rail makes this a good option for long-distance shipments and extra heavy items. It’s more cost-effective than using trucks for the whole journey.
Before you start choosing a courier, prepare all the information you need first. The courier will need the measurements and other details to come up with the shipping costs. List down and confirm the following details:
These will come in handy when you start asking for quotes.
Other than that, you should look at your budget first, as well, based on the details above. Set a realistic budget and, depending on the value of your package or your time constraints, expect to go higher to get a reliable courier that you’re sure will handle your item with care or haste.
Once you’ve chosen a transport mode and the details are all in order, request a quote from different companies. Take note of their rates and compare to see which ones will fit your budget needs.
Some services can simplify this process for you, though. In a website like Unishippers.com, for example, all you have to do is to request an LTL shipping quote. You’ll then get multiple offers from their partners.
This allows you to compare and choose the one with the best rates in one sitting.
Before choosing a courier, though, confirm with them first to see if they can ship your package. Shipments with dangerous goods, liquids, and other items may have restrictions on customs. The freight company itself may also impose restrictions on the allowed shipments.
The courier may also not offer full insurance for certain items, like gems and antiques. Check with them first; if you need insurance for such items, you may need to get a separate policy.
Shipping large items can be a pain because of the packaging, but it’s important to keep it secure while on the road. It has to withstand vibrations, compressions, and temperature changes all while protecting the item/s inside it.
First, wrap the item in plastic to avoid scratches, water, and other potential damage. Then, choose a box to hold it in.
Use new boxes that are sturdy enough to carry heavy items. Choose one that has good construction, one that has stitched or stapled seams and not glued.
For cushioning, use air pillows, Styrofoam, or other options that won’t compress during shipment. Place the item in the center of the box then put generous amounts of cushioning all around it. Make sure the items inside don’t move when you shake it.
Then, seal the boxes using heavy-duty or water-activated tapes all around the box and again. To make it extra secure, you may put the box in a larger box, put padding in the space, and then seal again with tapes.
For heavier items, secure the box onto a pallet by using sturdy straps. Freight companies may refuse to accept your shipment if they think that the packaging isn’t enough to withstand shipment and the pressure of their hydraulic lift or forklift.
Shipping large items are easier to achieve today than in the past with the help of the internet. However, learning how to choose the right company for you is still as important today. Make an informed decision by knowing more.
Why stop here? There’s more to discover! Learn more about shipping companies, shipping your items, and more by reading our other guides today.
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