An ankle fracture happens when a bone on one or both sides of the patient’s ankle is partially or completely broken (fracture).
Most ankle fractures happen due to
Under the age of 50, most ankle fractures happens in men. On the other hand, over the age of 50, it is women who experience more ankle fractures.
The type of fracture can vary from
It is very important to get medical attention and treatment after an ankle injury to determine if you have a fracture or not. Our senior physiotherapists are always on standby and plays an equally important part in your ankle treatment and full recovery from an ankle fracture, for a return to normal activity, life and play.
An ankle fracture is a completely or partially broken bone on 1 or both sides of the ankle joint.
There are several types of ankle fractures, and 1, 2, or 3 bones may be fractured. The classifications based on the number of bones broken are:
The severity of the fracture is classified as:
When a fracture involves several broken bones or the bones do not remain aligned/lined up, then the ankle fracture is considered to be an unstable fracture and will require immediate treatment, even surgical intervention and correction. A compound fracture also involves a risk of infection.
People who fracture their ankles may experience:
When you see our senior physiotherapist after an ankle injury, they will ask about your medical history, and how the injury occurred.
They will also observe your ability to walk and bear weight on the injured side, and gently examine the area to observe presence of any
Our senior physiotherapist also will examine your foot and lower leg to check and ensure if you may have any other undiagnosed injuries in other areas. If we suspect that you may have an ankle fracture, we will refer you to an orthopedic specialist, and refer to them to consult and they may order an x-ray to confirm or rule out an ankle fracture.
It is important to have an ankle injury or ankle pain assessed by a senior physiotherapist or medical provider soon after an ankle injury, to rule out/determine a severe ankle sprain from a broken bone (ankle fracture).
If the bone is piercing the skin, immediately go to a hospital emergency room.
If you see our senior physiotherapist after your injury and an ankle fracture is suspected, they will:
If you have an ankle fracture, treatment will depend on how many bones are broken, and if it is a simple, complex, or compound fracture. Initial treatment involves the realigning and stabilizing of the bones by your orthopedic specialist, and is performed in the hospital emergency room or, if needed, with surgery.
If your ankle requires corrective surgery, your affected ankle will be placed in a cast or fracture boot to stabilize it after ankle surgery. You will likely be hospitalized for at least one night (usually 2-3 or more), and you will be visited by your orthopedic surgeon to check on your ankle healing and ensure things are going well.
Then you will be discharged and referred for post-surgery ankle physiotherapy.
In the beginning, you may consider to request for our house call/home visit physiotherapy, where we send our senior physiotherapist to you to provide ankle physiotherapy in the comfort of your home as you may be tired post-surgery. We recommend a few sessions of home visit physiotherapy, and then we “upgrade” to physiotherapy in our clinics.
The reason for this is a few reasons:
Ankle fracture physiotherapy ranges from 12 – 24 weeks, depending on
We may teach you how to walk with the use of an assistive device, such as crutches or a walker. You will also learn how to go up and down steps and curbs using your assistive device.
When an x-ray confirms that the fracture has healed, your orthopedic surgeon will remove your cast. Our senior physiotherapist will work with you to safely put weight on your ankle, and begin treatment to help you return to your normal activity.
If You Do Not Require Surgery
Our senior physiotherapist can help treat a broken ankle after it has been treated by a physician and immobilized. After the bone is healed, we can help you gain back your ankle
After your injured leg is placed in a cast or a cast boot, we will teach you how to walk without bearing weight on the injured ankle, using crutches or a walker. Your physical therapist will teach you how to get in and out of bed, and your car.
When healing of the fracture is seen on an x-ray, your physician will remove your cast, and you will begin bearing weight on that leg again, and continue your physiotherapy treatment.
Physical therapy treatment will include:
Return to full participation in sports and work activities generally occurs 12 to 24 weeks after an ankle fracture.
Note: Physiotherapy treatments and number of sessions is different for every patient and depends on your type of injury, how you are healing, and whether you had surgery, as well as your age and physical health.
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