Knee pain is a really common pain and complaint for many people. There are several factors that can lead to pain in one’s knees, so having awareness and knowledge of their causes can lead to a more accurate diagnosis.
Our knee joints are generally comprised of four (4) bones:
The knee is also divided into four (4) compartments:
Each of these compartments’ components can suffer from repetitive strain injury or disease.
Some of the injuries that causes pain in our knees include the following:
Some of the diseases that can cause knee pain includes:
Referred pain refers to a pain that is “felt” at a different location compared to where the pain/injury actually is eg thigh injury can be referred to the knee as pain.
Often a patient’s knee pain can be caused and/or referred by injuries to the ankle, back, hips or others, which is why
There are studies that suggest that knee pains or pains in knees are more common in people who:
Pain in knees due to cold can be caused by the knee tendon undergoing tenosynovitis (inflammation of the tendon-synovial sheath) either caused or aggravated by the cold temperature exposure.
Cold temperature may also increase stiffness in knee joints (physics, biomechanics and temperature), and especially so in patients who are already compromised with knee disorders or diseases such as:
Individuals who do not move as much (sedentary) in their work or life seems to develop more knee pain.
The main underlying reason is when one isn’t active in activities or lifestyle or work, and this decreases the load demand on the muscles of the body (including the knee).
This in turn leads to muscles in the knee becoming more weak and lax, and they do not support the knee joint and structure as well, and this in turn leads to increased bone-to/on-bone contact and impact, which can cause/aggravate osteoarthritis which can be very painful.
The blood vessels like arteries and veins can also be compressed, and this causes poor venous and arterial flows, which further causes more pains.
To begins the healing process of all knee pains, the most important is:
Physiotherapy and management may include:
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