Some uses aquarium as home decor and some nourishes it as a hobby. But there are many micro-organisms which may destroy your fish tank or may cause bad health of your aquarium in spite of having a filtration system. A UV sterilizer is that defensive equipment for one’s aquarium which can hinder the growth of those pathogens maintaining a better environment. In this article, we are going to learn all about UV sterilizer and also how UV sterilizers work in an aquarium.
Firstly you should know about the UV light.
It is the short-wavelength light emitted from the sun which splits into UV-A, UV-B, UV-C. UV-C is the shortest one which has the germicidal effect. UV-C is good in breaking molecular bonds, altering electronic configuration by which it works on the sterilizing process.
The UV sterilizer is a tool that works via emitting UV light which mutates the DNA of micro-organisms when floating over or around the bulb (when quartz sleeves are used). By this, that particular organism can’t grow further which stops their reproduction. It ultimately shortens their life cycle and may also kill them.
A UV sterilizer acts via a fluorescent bulb which emits light of 253.7-nanometer wavelength. As aquarium water flows through the UV system, it gets exposed to the light and gets sterilized. The UV-C light of UV sterilizer destroys the nucleic acids and disrupts the DNA of microorganisms which make them unable to perform their vital cellular activities. The light alters the molecular bonds by high energy photons converting them from simple weak chemical bonds to stronger ones in simple celled DNA material to be broken down.
A UV sterilizer will only prevent the free-floating one-cell organisms without harming any other inhabitant or any surface attached inhabitants. They emit UV-C ray which has the germicidal ability and that’s how they sterilize the environment. And this light only targets the smallest free microorganisms not the attached substrates to the fish, plant or corals. And that’s how the UV sterilizer works in an aquarium.
Even after having the biological, mechanical filtration system, some aggressive algae can grow in your aquarium. An aquarium is always exposed to nutrient and light which also encourage algae growth. And the most pathetic fact is that you cannot see their microscopic development in your aquarium. After developing to an adult stage, it shows turbidity in the water. And it may cause harm to the fishes also.
And even after proper follow up you won’t realize when the algae spores made their dwelling in your aquarium. After that, there will be an algae bloom, parasites and so on. So for a healthy aquarium for your fishes, you need a healthy and strong filtration system including a UV sterilizer.
According to your need, you can change the efficiency of your sterilizer to balance the aquarium environment.
Some factors which influence the function or efficiency of the UV sterilizer are-
Though there is a formula:
(9.2 * gallons in a tank)/ rate of flow in GPH (Gallons Per Hour) = number of hours for 1 turnover.
These factors impact in maintaining the sterilization process properly. The UV sterilizer is effective for both the fresh water tank and saltwater tank. But this tool is a bit tricky to maintain so you should know every related info about it before getting it.
Let me enlighten you with those also-
After knowing all these you might be thinking of buying one for your aquarium, but let me clear the fact also that a UV sterilizer is not the only one to clean up or maintain your aquarium. You can always use it with your main filtration system. It will be great additional stuff but never make it the only filtration part of your aquarium as it will not be a wise decision.
The UV light will kill the free-floating contaminants not the algae growth on the corals, walls and decorations, bacteria attached to fish. So you can’t use this as the “only” cleaner.
It should be added also that it will give you some positive facts to consider while thinking about buying it.
After learning about UV sterilizer and how UV sterilizers work in an aquarium, I’m hoping that you must be now becoming impatient to buy one for your fish tank. So discuss with your manufacturer and buy the appropriate UV sterilizer for your aquarium.
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